In an epicyclic or planetary gear train, several spur gears distributed evenly around the circumference operate between a gear with internal teeth and a gear with exterior teeth on a concentric orbit. The circulation of the spur gear takes place in analogy to the orbiting of the planets in the solar system. This is how planetary gears obtained their name.
The elements of a planetary gear train can be divided into four main constituents.
The housing with integrated internal teeth is known as a ring gear. In the majority of cases the casing is fixed. The generating sun pinion is definitely in the center of the ring gear, and is coaxially arranged with regards to the output. The sun pinion is usually mounted on a clamping system to be able to provide the mechanical connection to the electric motor shaft. During procedure, the planetary gears, which are mounted on a planetary carrier, roll between the sun pinion and the band gear. The planetary carrier also represents the result shaft of the gearbox.
The sole reason for the planetary gears is to transfer the required torque. The number of teeth does not have any effect on the transmission ratio of the gearbox. The number of planets may also vary. As the number of planetary gears raises, the distribution of the load increases and therefore the torque which can be transmitted. Raising the number of tooth engagements also decreases the rolling power. Since just section of the total result has to be transmitted as rolling power, a planetary equipment is extremely efficient. The advantage of a planetary gear compared to a single spur gear is based on this load distribution. It is therefore possible to transmit high torques wit
h high efficiency with a concise design using planetary gears.
So long as the ring gear includes a continuous size, different ratios could be realized by varying the number of teeth of sunlight gear and the amount of the teeth of the planetary gears. The smaller the sun equipment, the greater the ratio. Technically, a meaningful ratio range for a planetary stage can be approx. 3:1 to 10:1, since the planetary gears and the sun gear are extremely little above and below these ratios. Higher ratios can be obtained by connecting many planetary phases in series in the same ring gear. In this instance, we speak of multi-stage gearboxes.
With planetary gearboxes the speeds and torques can be overlaid by having a ring gear that’s not fixed but is driven in virtually any direction of rotation. It is also possible to repair the drive shaft in order to pick up the torque via the ring gear. Planetary gearboxes have grown to be extremely important in many regions of mechanical engineering.
They have grown to be particularly well established in areas where high output levels and fast speeds must be transmitted with favorable mass inertia ratio adaptation. High tranny ratios can also easily be achieved with planetary gearboxes. Because of the positive properties and small design, the gearboxes have many potential uses in industrial applications.
The advantages of planetary gearboxes:
Coaxial arrangement of input shaft and output shaft
Load distribution to many planetary gears
High efficiency due to low rolling power
Nearly unlimited transmission ratio options due to combination of several planet stages
Ideal as planetary switching gear due to fixing this or that part of the gearbox
Possibility of use as overriding gearbox
Favorable volume output
Suitability for an array of applications
Epicyclic gearbox is an automatic type gearbox in which parallel shafts and gears arrangement from manual equipment box are replaced with an increase of compact and more dependable sun and planetary type of gears arrangement as well as the manual clutch from manual power teach is certainly replaced with hydro coupled clutch or torque convertor which in turn made the transmission automatic.
The idea of epicyclic gear box is extracted from the solar system which is known as to the perfect arrangement of objects.
The epicyclic gearbox usually comes with the P N R D S (Parking, Neutral, Reverse, Drive, Sport) settings which is obtained by fixing of sun and planetary gears according to the need of the drive.
Ever-Power Planetary Equipment Motors are an inline solution providing high torque at low speeds. Our Planetary Gear Motors provide a high efficiency and provide excellent torque output in comparison with other types of equipment motors. They can manage a various load with minimal backlash and are best for intermittent duty operation. With endless reduction ratio options, voltages, and sizes, Ever-Power Products has a fully tailored equipment motor option for you.
A Planetary Gear Electric motor from Ever-Power Items features one of our various types of DC motors coupled with among our uniquely designed epicyclic or planetary gearheads. A planetary gearhead includes an interior gear (sun equipment) that drives multiple outer gears (planet gears) producing torque. Multiple contact factors across the planetary gear train permits higher torque generation compared to one of our spur equipment motors. In turn, an Ever-Power planetary gear motor has the capacity to handle various load requirements; the more equipment stages (stacks), the higher the load distribution and torque transmitting.
Features and Benefits
High Torque Capabilities
Sleek Inline Design
High Efficiency
Ability to Handle Large Reduction Ratios
High Power Density
Applications
Our Planetary Equipment Motors deliver exceptional torque result and performance in a concise, low noise design. These characteristics furthermore to our value-added capabilities makes Ever-Power s gear motors a fantastic choice for all motion control applications.
Robotics
Industrial Automation
Dental Chairs
Rotary Tables
Pool Chair Lifts
Exam Room Tables
Massage Chairs
Packaging Eqipment
Labeling Eqipment
Laser Cutting Machines
Industrial Textile Machinery
Conveying Systems
Test & Measurement Equipment
Automated Guided Automobiles (AGV)
Within an epicyclic or planetary gear train, several spur gears distributed evenly around the circumference run between a gear with internal teeth and a gear with exterior teeth on a concentric orbit. The circulation of the spur gear occurs in analogy to the orbiting of the planets in the solar program. This is how planetary gears acquired their name.
The elements of a planetary gear train can be divided into four main constituents.
The housing with integrated internal teeth is known as a ring gear. In the majority of cases the casing is fixed. The generating sun pinion is certainly in the heart of the ring gear, and is coaxially arranged with regards to the output. Sunlight pinion is usually attached to a clamping system to be able to offer the mechanical link with the electric motor shaft. During operation, the planetary gears, which are installed on a planetary carrier, roll between the sunlight pinion and the ring gear. The planetary carrier also represents the result shaft of the gearbox.
The sole reason for the planetary gears is to transfer the required torque. The amount of teeth does not have any effect on the transmission ratio of the gearbox. The number of planets may also vary. As the number of planetary gears boosts, the distribution of the strain increases and therefore the torque that can be transmitted. Increasing the amount of tooth engagements also reduces the rolling power. Since just section of the total result has to be transmitted as rolling power, a planetary equipment is incredibly efficient. The benefit of a planetary gear compared to an individual spur gear lies in this load distribution. It is therefore possible to transmit high torques wit
h high efficiency with a compact design using planetary gears.
So long as the ring gear includes a constant size, different ratios can be realized by varying the number of teeth of sunlight gear and the amount of tooth of the planetary gears. The smaller the sun gear, the greater the ratio. Technically, a meaningful ratio range for a planetary stage is definitely approx. 3:1 to 10:1, because the planetary gears and the sun gear are extremely small above and below these ratios. Higher ratios can be obtained by connecting several planetary levels in series in the same ring gear. In cases like this, we talk about multi-stage gearboxes.
With planetary gearboxes the speeds and torques can be overlaid by having a ring gear that’s not set but is driven in any direction of rotation. It is also possible to fix the drive shaft to be able to pick up the torque via the band equipment. Planetary gearboxes have become extremely important in many regions of mechanical engineering.
They have become particularly well established in areas where high output levels and fast speeds should be transmitted with favorable mass inertia ratio adaptation. High transmission ratios can also easily be achieved with planetary gearboxes. Because of their positive properties and small design, the gearboxes possess many potential uses in industrial applications.
The benefits of planetary gearboxes:
Coaxial arrangement of input shaft and output shaft
Load distribution to many planetary gears
High efficiency due to low rolling power
Nearly unlimited transmission ratio options due to mixture of several planet stages
Suitable as planetary switching gear due to fixing this or that part of the gearbox
Possibility of use as overriding gearbox
Favorable volume output
On the surface, it could seem that gears are being “reduced” in quantity or size, which is partially true. When a rotary machine such as for example an engine or electric motor needs the result speed decreased and/or torque improved, gears are commonly utilized to accomplish the desired result. Gear “reduction” specifically refers to the acceleration of the rotary machine; the rotational acceleration of the rotary machine can be “reduced” by dividing it by a equipment ratio greater than 1:1. A gear ratio higher than 1:1 is usually achieved when a smaller equipment (reduced size) with fewer amount of tooth meshes and drives a larger gear with greater quantity of teeth.
Gear reduction has the opposite effect on torque. The rotary machine’s output torque is improved by multiplying the torque by the gear ratio, less some performance losses.
While in many applications gear decrease reduces speed and increases torque, in other applications gear reduction is used to increase swiftness and reduce torque. Generators in wind turbines use gear decrease in this fashion to convert a relatively slow turbine blade velocity to a higher speed capable of generating electricity. These applications use gearboxes that are assembled reverse of these in applications that reduce rate and increase torque.
How is gear reduction achieved? Many reducer types can handle attaining gear reduction including, but not limited by, parallel shaft, planetary and right-angle worm gearboxes. In parallel shaft gearboxes (or reducers), a pinion gear with a specific number of tooth meshes and drives a larger gear with a greater number of teeth. The “decrease” or gear ratio is usually calculated by dividing the number of tooth on the large equipment by the amount of teeth on the small gear. For instance, if a power motor drives a 13-tooth pinion equipment that meshes with a 65-tooth gear, a reduction of 5:1 is definitely achieved (65 / 13 = 5). If the electrical motor speed is certainly 3,450 rpm, the gearbox reduces this speed by five occasions to 690 rpm. If the motor torque can be 10 lb-in, the gearbox increases this torque by a factor of five to 50 lb-in (before subtracting out gearbox performance losses).
Parallel shaft gearboxes many times contain multiple gear sets thereby increasing the apparatus reduction. The total gear decrease (ratio) depends upon multiplying each individual equipment ratio from each equipment arranged stage. If a gearbox contains 3:1, 4:1 and 5:1 gear units, the total ratio is 60:1 (3 x 4 x 5 = 60). In our example above, the 3,450 rpm electric motor would have its acceleration decreased to 57.5 rpm by utilizing a 60:1 gearbox. The 10 lb-in electric engine torque would be increased to 600 lb-in (before efficiency losses).
If a pinion gear and its mating equipment have the same quantity of teeth, no decrease occurs and the apparatus ratio is 1:1. The gear is named an idler and its own primary function is to change the path of rotation rather than decrease the speed or raise the torque.
Calculating the gear ratio in a planetary gear reducer is much less intuitive as it is dependent upon the number of teeth of the sun and band gears. The planet gears become idlers and don’t affect the apparatus ratio. The planetary equipment ratio equals the sum of the number of teeth on sunlight and ring gear divided by the number of teeth on sunlight gear. For example, a planetary arranged with a 12-tooth sun gear and 72-tooth ring gear includes a gear ratio of 7:1 ([12 + 72]/12 = 7). Planetary gear pieces can achieve ratios from about 3:1 to about 11:1. If more equipment reduction is necessary, additional planetary stages can be used.
The gear reduction in a right-angle worm drive would depend on the number of threads or “starts” on the worm and the number of teeth on the mating worm wheel. If the worm has two starts and the mating worm wheel has 50 the teeth, the resulting equipment ratio is 25:1 (50 / 2 = 25).
Whenever a rotary machine such as for example an engine or electric motor cannot provide the desired output acceleration or torque, a equipment reducer may provide a good solution. Parallel shaft, planetary, right-position worm drives are normal gearbox types for attaining gear reduction. Get in touch with Groschopp today with all your gear reduction questions.