A gearbox is a mechanical device utilized to boost the output torque or change the swiftness (RPM) of a motor. The motor’s shaft is certainly mounted on one end of the gearbox and through the internal configuration of gears of a gearbox, provides a given result torque and speed determined by the gear ratio.
Physical Properties
The physical components of gearboxes change from one gearbox type to some other, as well as variations between manufacturers. The majority of gearboxes are constructed from steel components such as iron, aluminium and brass. Unlike various other gearbox types, spur gearboxes can also be made with plastics such as polycarbonate or nylon. Other than the raw materials used, the orientation of the gear teeth play a significant role in the overall efficiency, torque and rate of the system. Straight gear tooth gearboxes are typically found in low-speed applications. These gearboxes can be noisy, and could have lower overall efficiency. Helical gearboxes are usually used in high-velocity applications. These gearboxes are quieter in operation than straight gear tooth gearboxes, which may enhance their overall efficiency.
Types of Gearboxes
There are plenty of types of gearboxes manufactured throughout the world. One of the main differences between person gearboxes is their performance characteristics. Choosing from the many gearbox types is application dependent. Gearboxes are available in many sizes, ratios, efficiencies and backlash characteristics. Most of these design elements will affect the efficiency and price of the gearbox. There are many types of gearboxes which are the following:
Bevel Gearbox
Bevel Gears
There are two types of bevel gearboxes which include either straight or spiral teeth gears. Straight bevel gears have straight and tapered teeth and are used in applications requiring slower speeds. Spiral bevel gears have got curved and oblique the teeth and are found in applications requiring high-overall performance, high speed applications.
Physical Properties
Bevel gears are typically made of cast iron, aluminium alloy or other metal components but vary between producers.
Note: Gears created from steel materials could be noisy when coming into contact with other gears and in addition make them susceptible to wear.
Applications of Bevel Gears
Bevel gearboxes use bevel gears and so are mainly used in right angle applications with the shafts in a perpendicular set up.
• Print Press
• Power Plants
• Automobiles
• Steel Plants
• Hand Drills
• Differential Drives
Advantages of Bevel Gears
• Right angle configuration
• Durable
Disadvantages of Bevel Gears
• Axes should be able to support forces
• Poorly cut tooth may result in excessive vibration and sound during operation
Helical Gearbox
Helical Gears
Helical gears are cut at angles which enable gradual contact between each one of the helical gear teeth. This kind of innovation offers a smooth and peaceful procedure. Gearboxes using helical gears are applicable in high horsepower and efficient applications.
Physical Properties
Helical gears are typically constructed from cast iron, aluminum allow or iron materials but can vary greatly depending on the manufacturer.
Note: Gears made from steel materials can be noisy when getting into connection with other gears and also make them prone to wear.
Applications of Helical Gears
Helical gears are trusted in applications which require efficiency and high horsepower.
• Oil Industry
• Blowers
• Food and Labeling
• Cutters
• Elevators
Advantages of Helical Gears
• Can be meshed in parallel or cross orientation
• Smooth and quiet operation
• Efficient
• High horsepower
Disadvantages of Helical Gears
• Resultant thrust along axis of gear
• Additives to lubrication
Spur Gearbox
Spur Gears
Spur gears are made with straight teeth mounted on a parallel shaft. The noise degree of spur gears is relatively high due to colliding the teeth of the gears which make spur gear teeth susceptible to put on. Spur gears can be found in a range of sizes and equipment ratios to meet up applications requiring a specific speed or torque result.
Physical Properties
Spur gears are typically constructed from metals such as for example steel or brass, and plastics such as for example nylon or polycarbonate. The materials used to construct spur gears can vary greatly depending on the maker.
Note: Gears made from steel materials could be noisy when getting into contact with other gears and also make them susceptible to wear.
Applications of Spur Gears
Spurs gears are used in applications requiring a reduction in speed with high result torque.
• Cut-to-Length
• Packaging
• Speed Control
• Construction
• Power Plants
Advantages of Spur Gears
• Cost-effective
• High gear ratios
• Compact
• High torque output
Disadvantages of Spur Gears
• Noisy
• Prone to wear
Worm Gearbox
Worm Gears
Worm gears can withstand high shock loads, low in noise level and maintenance-free but are less efficient than gearbox construction additional equipment types. Worm gears can be used in right position configuration. The worm gearbox configuration allows the worm to carefully turn the gear with ease; however, the apparatus cannot change the worm. The prevention of the gear to move the worm can be used as a braking system. When the worm gearbox isn’t active, it is in a locked position.
Physical Properties