Single-Phase Induction Motors
The single-phase motor operates under the same principle as the polyphase engine, except that the rotating magnetic field effect produced by the stator will not exist until running rpm is reached. Since no beginning sprockets torque is obtainable, a design mechanism is included to start the motor. These are the various designations:
Torque-Speed Curves of Different Single-Phase Induction Motors
Shaded-pole: Have only 1 main winding no begin winding. This configuration causes a shift of the used magnetic field in romantic relationship to the rotor, creating stating torque. Applications consist of fans and small appliances.
Split-Phase (induction start engine)
Has two pieces of stator windings. The “start” windings sit 90 degrees to the “run” windings and shift the magnetic field of the stator, inducing beginning torque. Applications include small grinders, small followers, and blowers.
The most typical single-phase motor used in industrial applications. It really is a altered split-stage motor with a capacitor in series with the beginning winding to supply a start boost. Program include small conveyors, large blowers, pumps, and direct-drives.
Uses identical primary and auxiliary windings with a capacitor to provide starting torque. They will be the most reliable single-phase motor because no centrifugal starting switch is required. Applications include followers and pumps in HVAC and refrigeration industries.